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 List of European Butterfly Species

UPDATED CHECKLIST OF EUROPEAN BUTTERFLY SPECIES

Download : EuropeanButterflies.xls (89kb)

The list of 453 species on the first spreadsheet above comprises species found in Europe up to the eastern boundary of the European Union. It includes Cyprus, the Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Azores. A further 39 species which only occur east of the European Union (in Russia, etc) are listed separately on the second spreadsheet.

The list is up to date as at June 2017. It updates the list previously published in EIG 8 (October 2010) and includes the following new species:

New species

History

Distribution

Spialia rosae

Split from S. sertorius (Red-underwing Skipper)

Spain

Zerynthia cassandra

Split from Z. polyxena (Southern Festoon)

Italy

Iphiclides feisthamelii

Split from I. podalirius (Scarce Swallowtail)

Spain, Portugal, France

Leptidea juvernica

New species within L. sinapis (Wood White) group

Widespread

Azanus jesous

Seems to be established

S. Spain (Cadiz)

Iolana debilitata

Split from I. iolas (Iolas Blue)

Spain

Polyommatus celina

Split from P. icarus (Common Blue)

Spain, Portugal, Italy

Euphydryas beckeri

Split from E. aurinia (Marsh Fritillary)

Spain, Portugal

Melitaea nevadensis

Split from M. athalia (Heath Fritillary). The name nevadensis replaces celadussa

Portugal, Spain, France, Switzerland, Italy

Pseudochazara amalthea

Split from P. anthelea (White-banded Grayling)

Bosnia, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Bulgaria

Erebia arvernensis

Split from E. cassioides (Common Brassy Ringlet)

Spain, France, Italy, Switzerland

Erebia neleus

Split from E. cassioides (Common Brassy Ringlet)

Bosnia, Albania, Montenegro, Macedonia, Greece, Bulgaria, Romania


One species is ‘lost’: Polyommatus galloi (Gallo’s Anomalous Blue) is now regarded as part of P. ripartii (Ripart’s Anomalous Blue).

The list has been compiled by a committee of taxonomic experts chaired by Rudi Verovnik, to whom thanks are due. The full committee comprised  Rudi Verovnik, Emilio Balletto, Vlad Dinca, Zdenek Fric, Gerardo Lamas, Vladimir Lukhtanov, Miguel Munguira, Chris van Swaay, Roger Vila, Albert Vliegenthart, Niklas Wahlberg, and Martin Wiemers.


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